Six Moons with possible Life.

Over the last few decades our knowledge about some of the many Moons in our solar system has changed. It has been discovered that for a world to have stable conditions for life, it is not required to be in the Goldilocks zone. Moons orbiting super planets can also meet the conditions which would allow life to evolve. Better still, several of the moons in our own solar system meet these conditions. Following is a little guide to six Moons in our solar system which are gaining special attention, and over the next few years will almost certainly transform Exobiology from theoretical science into practical science. 

GANYMEDEganymedenoaa

Ganymede, this moon of Jupiter is the largest moon in the Solar System, indeed it is larger than the planet Mercury. Ganymede is believed to have an oxygen atmosphere and uniquely, from all the other moons in the solar system, a magnetosphere. Most interestingly perhaps, Ganymede is believed to have a large saltwater ocean with a rocky sea floor.

ganymede_diagram

The above artist impression shows why Ganymede is so interesting.

EUROPA

europa-moon

Europa.  A moon of Jupiter, slightly smaller than our own moon. Like Ganymede, Europa has an oxygen atmosphere and a vast saltwater ocean.Europa is a very stable moon and life on it, if any, could have had a long time to evolve and  ecosystems formed. This could allow for ‘larger’, more sentient creatures to evolve. For this reason we must be careful not to contaminate Europa.

437px-europainterior1

This artist impression again shows why Europa is so interesting.

CALLISTO

callisto

Callisto. Moon of Jupiter. Again this moon is believed to have a subsurface liquid water ocean. Of future interest for Jupiter watchers, Callisto is being eyed up as a potential base camp location for any manned missions to the Jovian system.

_interior_of_callisto

Above is the suspected internal structure of Callisto.

TITAN

titan

TITAN. Oh Titan Saturn’s largest moon. Like its name suggests, this is a large moon, indeed the second largest in the solar system and like Ganymede, larger than the planet Mercury. Titan is extremely interesting, those glints in the northern section of the above photograph  actually show infrared sunlight reflecting off vast Hydrocarbon seas on Titan surface. The Northern portion of Titan has large liquid lakes and seas with coastlines and islands. Titan also has a dense, Nitrogen rich fully evolved atmosphere, with Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere & Thermosphere. Titan has weather, with methane rain and snow falling onto its surface. On that surface, as stated are lakes and seas, but also valleys, mountains, hills, deserts, river systems and you maybe suprised to hear, a ESA /NASA probe landed on it’s surface in 2005. Huygens probe.

Below Titans surface its believed liquid ammonia/water oceans 200km deep could exist. Indeed Titan is an amazing world.

titan-structure

above is Titans suspected internal structure.

 

ENCELADUS

enceladus

Enceladus is a moon of Saturn and whilst small (it could fit in the North Sea between Great Britain and Holland), its very interesting.  It southern region is of most interest with Cyrovolcanoes (ice volcanoes) and over 100 Geysers. It is highly likely a liquid water ocean is under the ice to its south. It is believed hydro-thermal activity  occurs within its Ocean. Organic chemistry has been detected in the southern active plumes/jets.

saturnmoon-enceladus-ocean

An artist impression of the suspected internal structure on Enceladus.

DIONE

dione

DIONE, another moon of Saturn. Dione is mostly made up of water ice. It has a very thin Oxygen atmosphere and recent findings suggest it may have a subsurface Liquid water ocean.

further study ~

Ganymede

Europa

Callisto

Titan

Enceladus

Dione

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Europa : A space Odyssey

 

jpl-europa-from-galileo-mission

Jupiter’s Moon Europa has fascinated me since I first became aware of it 28 years ago,  experimenting with Psilocybe Semilanceata watching Stanley Kubrick’s & Arthur C Clarke’s mind melting 2001: A Space Odyssey. As you can imagine, this would have a powerful effect on a 17 year old looking for more….. Europa was seeded deeply in my mindscope.

28 years ago I had to go to something called a ‘public library’ to delve deeper into this Moons information sets, up to date data was frustratingly out of my reach  . Today things are different, today we have ‘the cyber’ giving virtually full access to the current available data collected on Europa. Over the proceeding years Europa has not let me down…indeed Europa has not let any of us down.

 Why?

The easy answer is read the wikipedia page for Europa yourself. Europa has a vast stable chemically rich warm salt water ocean. Indeed an ocean bigger than all Earths oceans combined. For a scientist this makes Europa very very Sexy.

pia18428

Europa in my opinion has life, and not just microbial life….but aquatic large ‘animals’. This holds the key for perhaps the most interesting question about non earth evolved creatures (astrobiology)…do they have RNA-DNA ? What is their genetic make-up?

It is my opinion that they would have DNA and use genetic coding. Thus proving the evolution of life using DNA is a universal ‘phenomenon’.  Abiogenesis.

I would hope this would push scientists into seeing what the Data has been saying & indeed shouting for years now, namely : the Universe was not started by a random bang.

The universe was not created by a random bang. This discovery changes our view on everything. It would suggest architecture, an architect. This should not be feared, and should not open the doors to religious mumbo jumbo. It would show the universe, as I have always suspected, was designed to be interactive and intelligent. It will play with us. The universe contains all the tools needed to escape it.

We have 3 hopes to finally answer the question of  Astrobiology.

  1. Build a ship and go to other star systems hoping to finds alien life to DNA test…this may take thousands of years.
  2. Hope an alien visits us and allows us to DNA test…this is unlikely as we need to discover this for ourselves.
  3. Hope one of the Moons in our solar system has life…and Europa has my heart.

Europa offers a real possibility of getting this question answered in my lifetime. Alas this still could be over 10 years away.  NASA has been very slow with Europa missions, perhaps for good reason… until the 2016 confirmation of water plumes from Europa’s southern polar region, any mission to Europa’s water ocean would have involved travelling through many kilometers of Ice. This has now completely changed, hopefully NASA will be quick now to make Europa priority One.

We can now test for life on Europa without having to even land on it.

This leads back perhaps to the warning from Arthur C Clarke’s 2010:Odyssey Two~

ALL THESE WORLDS
ARE YOURS EXCEPT
EUROPA
ATTEMPT NO
LANDING THERE
USE THEM TOGETHER
USE THEM IN PEACE

Indeed the universe does seem to play with us.

Galilean_moon_Laplace_resonance_animation.gif

nasa europa 

Europa youtube

 

 

 

The most Audacious Economic Solution

 

With the vast debts built up all over the world and fears of global financial disasters to come, we have one fantastic weapon on our side which overnight would solve all the problems. What could this super weapon be, I hear literally no one ask?

The weapon is simple. The weapon is realizing a simple truth about money in our modern world…its not real. That is it’s not backed by any physical commodity (fiat money). These days its not even paper…most is stored digitally. These vast debts are literally digital!

… and this gives marvelous options.

How would such a weapon be best played? 

The answer again is simple and audacious. The top 5 economic nations (U.S.A, China, Japan, Germany and U.K need to agree to it first and chose a date. It would be best to chose Christmas day and arrange for every nation on earth to have a 3 day public holiday. It is important that all Stock exchanges and banks are closed to business when the weapon is used. This is because the weapon has 3 stages.

At midnight on the 24th December the following is enforced by all nations on future financial matters-

interest rates on debt 2% 

interest rates on credit 1%

inflation 1%

Now comes the main wonder-

At 1 am on Christmas day, all debts are considered paid. This means all debt held anywhere at midnight is now considered paid. If you owed the bank £1000 at midnight, it now says £0 on your internet banking page. If you have a mortgage it is now paid. This is done digitally. Its that simple. Money is digital these days. Its points in a computer game.

The chances are that whilst businesses and individuals all over the world become debt free and indeed wealthy over night, it is also true that the banks will have trillions. Now a massive one off tax is levied on them, leaving them strong and well off, but not ridiculously so. The same is applied to individuals who amass more than 7 billion dollars. That tax is put into the fund. The fund is for the betterment of Humanity and the Planet.

On the 27th when the world reopens for business inflation is locked. The world is now rich.

A period of surrealism enters society until it is realized this this is the new reality.

Much rejoicing ensues…

 

Mozart 21, 1777 no9.

a-time-ss-liberty

In the above illustration, each ring contains 1,000 years of human history. It is interesting to see history like this and it would be more interesting to pull forward another few thousand years to see what came next…alas I can not do this, but I can wonder.

Seen in this drawing is how interesting humanity was between 1,000 B.C  and 0 A.D. An early age of enlightenment, the Buddha sitting at peace, the Greeks, Romans and Egyptians thinking, fighting and building wonders in a pagan world.

A pagan Europe rocked by earthquakes and volcanoes. Minds turned to apocalypse, and that fear turned into the Roman Catholic Church (4th century) and Islam (7th century).

a-time-ss-libertys

On the ring which represents 1,000 AD, you will see Christianity and Islam pointing knives at each others throats….and so the early enlightenment died and its knowledge went underground (the 22 major Arcana of the Tarot Deck are an example of this). The lights went out over Europe until the 16th century and in Arabia until the present day (especially if your a woman).

Then in January 1777, Mozart wrote the 2nd movement (Andantino in C minor) of his 9th Piano Concerto, aged 21 (a magical age of the fool becoming the magi)…and both he and the world could never be the same. The eye in the pyramid freed Europe from the darkness whilst Mozart drew the attention of the gods and the universe (It is my belief Mozart was not just world class, but actually universal class).

For those who may not realize just how good Mozart was, try piano concerto no 21 (a magical age when the fool becomes the magi) 2nd movement, Written in spring 1785.

cropped-storm-coming.jpg

The  pyramid with the eye is not a symbol of globalization or the defunct Illuminati…it is a symbol of spirituality and of ancient wonders. It is a light in the darkness hinting at great wonders beyond the horizon. The golden age may one day rise again. Om Ah Hum.

 

 

 

(see post The Humans are Revolting ).

the humans are revolting

The age of enlightenment from the mid 18th century was an age of wonder. It gave birth to great art & science and the holy child himself, Mozart, produced the soundtrack. The pope was gently being pushed back to Rome and the old gods of pagan Europe emerged from the longest of nights. It all looked so good as time moved into the splendors of the Victorian age, built in stunning Gothic revival, adding a magical sense of the mystical to reality.

However all did not go to plan as we entered the 20th century. The 3 major, single god man made, religions did not die like they should have. By now we should all be living the pagans midsummer dream…much merriment had by all in the wonders of nature.But no. No, whilst Christianity has calmed itself down, with ever emptying churches, Judaism has its own battles and is now locked in its own painful death dance with the biggest of the wrong religions..Islam.

These three religions share a major thing in common, and its not Abraham. Its a shocking thing if you have not heard it before, but nonetheless, it is true…..all three are complete and utter nonsense. Those who believe them are suckers and indeed mugs. This may seem harsh and unfair, but I promise you, its true. The people who follow it are limiting there view of our incredible universe to a nano-sphere. Christianity, Judaism and Islam are all cults. There followers are cult members. So whilst I watch our modern media go on about Islamophobia and such like, I always thing…yes I am, I am  Islamophobic, Judophobic and christophobic because they are all not real things. They are made up babble which has harmed us as a species so much. Viruses. An emotional plague on the minds of humanity.

The age of enlightenment needs to be remembered. We need dancing, drunk, naked in the woods talking to trees…not throwing Gays off towers, banning women from a life, and torturing animals to death.

So all you left wing and right wing twonks out there , remember the above truth when you fight for the cult members rights to abuse our collective reality with there medieval murderous mind monger mumbo jumbo. And to all those poor suffering souls like me, who have to listen to this crap, you are not alone. believe me your not…the dream still has hope!

a savageski revolting